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ext4文件系统变为只读

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[ 7965.955384] EXT4-fs error (device mmcblk0p7): ext4_mb_generate_buddy:758: group 3, block bitmap and bg descriptor inconsistent: 1901 vs 1900 free clusters
[ 7965.963826] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p7): Remounting filesystem read-only
[ 7965.975652] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p7): ext4_writepages: jbd2_start: 2147483644 pages, ino 6032; err -30

ext4文件系统bug,在linux4.6.7中以修复。

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commit d123a55f85f5116d686dac80c768ee5c34ec8e06
Author: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com>
Date: Thu Jul 14 23:21:35 2016 -0400

ext4: short-cut orphan cleanup on error

commit c65d5c6c81a1f27dec5f627f67840726fcd146de upstream.

If we encounter a filesystem error during orphan cleanup, we should stop.
Otherwise, we may end up in an infinite loop where the same inode is
processed again and again.

EXT4-fs (loop0): warning: checktime reached, running e2fsck is recommended
EXT4-fs error (device loop0): ext4_mb_generate_buddy:758: group 2, block bitmap and bg descriptor inconsistent: 6117 vs 0 free clusters
Aborting journal on device loop0-8.
EXT4-fs (loop0): Remounting filesystem read-only
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_free_blocks:4895: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_do_update_inode:4893: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_do_update_inode:4893: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_ext_remove_space:3068: IO failure
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_ext_truncate:4667: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_orphan_del:2927: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs error (device loop0) in ext4_do_update_inode:4893: Journal has aborted
EXT4-fs (loop0): Inode 16 (00000000618192a0): orphan list check failed!
[...]
EXT4-fs (loop0): Inode 16 (0000000061819748): orphan list check failed!
[...]
EXT4-fs (loop0): Inode 16 (0000000061819bf0): orphan list check failed!
[...]

See-also: c9eb13a9105 ("ext4: fix hang when processing corrupted orphaned inode list")
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 089821b..7fca76b 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -2277,6 +2277,16 @@ static void ext4_orphan_cleanup(struct super_block *sb,
while (es->s_last_orphan) {
struct inode *inode;

+ /*
+ * We may have encountered an error during cleanup; if
+ * so, skip the rest.
+ */
+ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) {
+ jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n");
+ es->s_last_orphan = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+
inode = ext4_orphan_get(sb, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_orphan));
if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
es->s_last_orphan = 0;

linux v4.x ChangeLog-4.6.7

产生的原因:

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